In the general context of the concern about the consequences of the electromagnetic pollution generated by the mobile telecommunication systems, of the unprecedented growth of terminals number and uncontrolled use by children (about 18 mil operational terminals in Romania in 2007 and about 320 mil in Europe) as well as of the base stations influence, at international level and lately at national one there were elaborated recommendations and norms for limiting the human exposure to electromagnetic fields.

Mobile phones certification with a view to trading imposes, according to the present standards, the experimental determination of SAR factor (Specific Absorption Rate of electromagnetic field measured in W/kg of user’s body weight) and its value limitation to the nationally and internationally regulated values considered non-dangerous (at the present knowledge level).As regarding the domestic market of mobile phones, the state has the role of protecting the citizens in their position of consumers and of performing or financing studies and comparative tests according to EU Recommendation 1999/519/CE.

Unfortunately, in Romania there is no facility for SAR determination and the values written on terminals, according to the law, originate from the manufacturers and not from independent accredited laboratories.
Other important functional characteristics like energy consumption, audio and emission/ reception properties are not checked in authorised laboratories either.

In EU countries and even in the countries that recently joined EU excepting Romania and Bulgaria, there are tens of independent laboratories specialised in SAR evaluation and full characterisation of the said terminals.

In this context, it has been achieved this laboratory specialised in SAR evaluation independently of the mobile phone operators and intended to:

- conformity evaluation and validation according to the in force European and international standards for the traded products, the second-hand ones inclusively;
- performing comparative studies and tests at international level (including participation in intercomparison circuits);
- creating conditions for the participation of Romanian scientific community in the development of modern communication systems with reduced electromagnetic pollution within the frame of some European projects.